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PHILA (Φίλα), a frontier fortress of Macedonia towards Magnesia, and distant 5 M. P. from Heracleia, which stood near the mouth of the Peneus, on the left bank. It was occupied by the Romans when their army had penetrated into Pieria by the passes of Olympus from Thessaly. (Liv. 42.67, 44.2, 3, 7, 8, 34.) Stephanus of Byzantium (s. v.) asserts that it was built by Demetrius, son of Antigonus Gonatas, and father of Philip, who named it, after his mother, Phila.


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