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AMOS (Hisarburnu) Turkey.

A Rhodian deme in Caria 11 km S of Marmaris, probably attached to the city of Lindos. Aischines owned land there (Ep. 9; cf. 12.11) and refers to its fertility; this is confirmed by a series of land leases found at Hisarburnu and dating from about 200 B.C. These fertile estates probably lay on the plain near Gölenye, a few km to the N. The inscriptions show that Amos had a board of hieromnamones and that the principal deity was Apollo, with the otherwise unknown epithet Samnaios.

The acropolis has a fortification wall in coursed polygonal masonry, apparently dating to the early Hellenistic period and still standing 3 or 4 m high, with towers and a gate on the N. Inside it are the foundations of a small temple in antis about 13 m long, which may be that of Apollo Samnaios. Amos was one of the three Peraean demes which had a theater; it is small but fairly well preserved. The analemmata stand 5 m high, and the foundations of the stage building survive, divided into three compartments. The site has never been excavated.


BIBLIOGRAPHY

A. Maiuri, Annuario 4.5 (1921-22) 415-19; P. M. Fraser & G. E. Bean, The Rhodian Peraea (1954) 6-24, 125-26; Bean, Turkey beyond the Maeander (1971) 158-59.

G. E. BEAN

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