The sculptures in the front pediment are by Paeonius, who came from Mende in Thrace1
; those in the back pediment are by Alcamenes,2
a contemporary of Pheidias, ranking next after him for skill as a sculptor. What he carved on the pediment is the fight between the Lapithae and the Centaurs at the marriage of Peirithous. In the center of the pediment is Peirithous.3
On one side of him is Eurytion, who has seized the wife of Peirithous, with Caeneus bringing help to Peirithous, and on the other side is Theseus defending himself against the Centaurs with an axe. One Centaur has seized a maid, another a boy in the prime of youth. Alcamenes, I think, carved this scene, because he had learned from Homer's4
poem that Peirithous was a son of Zeus, and because he knew that Theseus was a great grandson of Pelops.