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ALTRIER Luxembourg.

Altrier comprises a group of sites important in prehistoric times (Magdalenian collections Graf and Bisenius), then an Iron Age oppidum (op Casselt, the Castle), and later a Roman vicus. Remains of Roman houses were visible until the middle of the 19th c. (Comes' house). The roads from Trèves to Mersch and from Dalheim N to the Eifel crossed here. A number of inscriptions have been found: one dedicated to Jupiter Optimus Maximus, and many others to private citizens including the family of the Secundini. Apparently there were one or more sanctuaries dedicated to Oriental gods: besides the usual statues of Apollo, Mercurius, Priapus, Diana, Epona, Mars, and Jupiter, there are hundreds of statuettes of Isis, Ceres, Fortuna, and Dea Mater, produced locally. The coins date from the beginning of the Roman occupation to the 4th c. A.D. Other finds include Roman pottery of local provenience as well as Italian and French terra sigillata (Niederbieber 19), stamps by lustinus and Adiutix, oil lamps (one stamped CITOGLV), mosaics (Schneider house), remains of wall paintings, aryballoi, fibulas (one marked VENIO SI DAS), jewelry (bracelets, necklaces, gold rings with carved semi-precious stones), foundations of a tower (fanum?), remains of houses, and perhaps some ruins of a 4th c. fortification wall. Nothing is now visible on the site; the finds are in the Landesmuseum in Trèves or the Musée d'Histoire et d'Art in Luxembourg.


BIBLIOGRAPHY

J. Engling, “Das Römerlager zu Altrier,” Publications de la section historique de l'Institut Grand-Ducal 8 (1852) 99ff; J. Dheedene, “Altrier, un atelier de figurines en terre cuite?” Helinium 1 (1961) 211ff; C. M. Ternes, Les Inscriptions Antiques du Luxembourg (1965) 271-83; id., Répertoire archéologique du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg (1971) I, 19ff; II, 23ff; id., Das römische Luxemburg (1974) 171ff.

C. M. TERNES

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