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AMPELUM (Zlatna) Alba, Romania.

Seat of the imperial gold mining administration, important commercial center, and probably customs office, the ancient town spread SE of the present town as far as Patrinjeni. The remains of ancient gold mining operations can be seen even today: there are traces of buildings, and of a rectangular water reservoir and its supply channels ca. 4 km from Zlatna, on the NW slope of Mt. Breaza.

The settlement, epigraphically attested from the time of Trajan, was the seat of the procurator of the gold mines, M. Ulpius Hermias (CIL III, 1312), whose epitaph was found here. During the reign of Septimius Severus the town became a municipium (CIL III, 1308, 1293). It has not yet been systematically investigated.

The town had economic and administrative connections with Apulum (Alba Iulia) and a great many mining settlements developed around it. The area was defended by detachments of Legio XIII Gemina and by a Numerus Maurorum Hisp. . . .

In the Boteş and Corabia hills, incineration necropoleis, both of colonists and of Dacian natives, have been investigated.

Rich epigraphical and archaeological material have been found; many inscriptions refer to the organization of gold mining operations, and to the religious beliefs of the miners, who were ethnically heterogeneous. The archaeological material is in the History Museum of Transylvania in Cluj and in the Alba Iulia Regional Museum.


BIBLIOGRAPHY

D. Tudor, Oraş tîrguri şi sate în Dacia romana (1968) 183-90; D. Protase, Riturile funerare la daci şi daco-romani (1971) 104-7.

L. MARINESCU

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