site, on a small hill 1.5 km SW of the modern village
of Andreevka and 11 km W of Kerch, was first inhabited
in the Bronze Age. Excavations have uncovered the remains of modest dwellings and grain pits from a Greek
or Hellenized agricultural settlement of the 6th-4th c.
B.C. The earliest homes had walls of poorly baked brick
or adobe resting on a stone foundation or socle, and the
floor of one house was slightly sunk into the ground. In
the 4th c. B.C. these separated and isolated homes gave
way to the large stone farmstead of a Bosporan Greek
consisting of a complex of storage rooms, cattle stalls,
and living quarters built around a large interior court.
The farinstead complex itself covered an area of ca. 1000
sq. m, and small detached structures and grain pits
belonging to the farinstead were found elsewhere on the
hill. The farmstead was abandoned in the 3d c. B.C.
I. T. Kruglikova, “Antichnaia sel'skokhoziaistvennaia usad'ba bliz Kerchi,” Antichnaia istoriia
i kul'tura Sredizemnomor'ia i Prichernomor'ia: Sbornik
(1968) 206-12; id., “Raskopki sel'skikh poselenii
Bosporskogo tsarstva,” Arkheologicheskie Otkrytiia 1968
307-9; id. & M. A. Romanovskaia, “Antichnye
poseleniia u dereven' Andreevka i Novo-Otradnoe,”
Arkheologicheskie Otkrytiia 1970 goda
T. S. NOONAN