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BAKRAINA (“Mopsion”) Thessaly, Greece.

A city described by Livy as on a hill between Larissa and Gonnos. it was previously identified by Stählin with Drachmani (Rachmani), a nameless site whose ruins are visible E of the road and railroad leading N to the Vale of Tempe. it is situated on a height at the S end of the Kalamitsa plain. Failing to find significant remains of a city, Stählin subsequently placed Mopsion at Bakraina, a double-peaked site connected by a saddle to Mt. Erimon's farthest S spur. The hill is concave and much eroded toward the S; the other sides are steep. There are two walls of primitive construction around the W peak, the inner quite small in circumference and linked to the outer by two cross walls. A third wall encloses both peaks in an oval. There are no towers; the only remaining gate is in the SE corner. The masonry, possibly 4th c. B.C., is two-faced polygonal with a fill of rubble.


BIBLIOGRAPHY

Strab. 9.5.20,22; Livy 42.61.11; F. Stählin in RE 161; (1935) 236P.

M. H. MCALLISTER

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