Locality of Saint-Vincent, Gard, France.
The excavations conducted at the oppidum since
1963 have led to the identification of four periods of
occupation. The oldest goes back to the second half of
the 5th c. B.C., and does not seem to have lasted beyond
the 4th c. The second period begins at the end of the
2d c. B.C. and lasts until the end of the 1st c. Then
the settlement was Romanized. It was abandoned at the
end of the 1st c. A.D., but was partially reoccupied at the
end of the 4th c. under the impulse of the barbarian
invaders. To the first, so-called Celto-Ligurian period belong an altar of ashes (an open area cult site) and some
sections of a rampart. Two dumps at the NE and SE
ends of the site are of the second, Gallo-Hellenic period.
An architectural ensemble, including dwellings and a
monumental public square built of quarrystone carefully
chipped with a double-pointed hammer, belongs to the
3d period. In the final Early Christian and Christian penod there was a street lined with dry stone-walled huts
and a Romanesque chapel.
The finds are deposited at the museum and the archaeological storage depot at Bagnols-sur-Céze (Gard).
J. Charmasson, Reports of the excavations (1963-69)PI
; id. in Gallia
22 (1964); 24 (1966);
; id., “Les inscriptions gallo-grecques de Gaujac (Gard)” in Cahiers Rhodaniens
12 (1965) 41-52MI
id., “L'oppidum de Saint-Vincent à Gaujac,” in Archéologia
(Sept-Oct. 1969) 70-79MPI
; id., “Cultes antiques
et Monument chrétien de Gaujac,” in L'Ecole Antique