auxiliary castellum of the lower Germanic limes. Pliny
) mentions Gelduba as a castellum Rheno
impositum in an agriculturally rich area. The legate
Vocula constructed a camp here during the uprising of
the Batavi. It was occupied a short time and surrendered
under pressure from Civilis (Tac. Hist
. 4.26, 32, 35, 36,
58). After A.D. 70 an auxiliary castellum was built (It.
. 255.3) of which so far the principia have been excavated. There was a vicus SE of the auxiliary castellum.
There are traces of ditches, possibly of a camp, and
areas surrounded by strong fences where Roman weapons
have been found. From Flavian times until the 3d c.
A.D. Gelduba seems to have been the garrison of an ala;
in Late Roman times, perhaps of limitanei. The graves
date from Neronic to Merovingian times.
Most of the finds are at the Niederrheinisches Landschaftsmuseum in Krefeld-Linn; some at the Rheinisches
Landesmuseum in Bonn.
R. Pining, Das römisch-fränkische
Gräberjeld von Krefeld-Gellep
(1966) 2 vols.; K.-H.
Knörzer, “Über die Gelleper Rüben,” Niederrheinisches
10 (1967) 48-51; G. Alföldy, Die Hilfstruppen der römischen Provinz Germania inferior
(= Epigraphische Studien
6) (1968) 152ff; W. Piepers & D.
Haupt, “Gelduba,” Rheinische Ausgrabungen
213-315; I. Paar & C. Rüger, “Kastell Gelduba,” Rheinische Ausgrabungen
20 (1970) 30.
H. VON PETRIKOVITS