previous next

ILURATUM Bosporus.

Fortified agricultural settlement 17 km SW of Kerch, dating from the 1st to the 3d c. A.D. It is mentioned by Ptolemy (3.6).

Spread out over a 2-ha area, the city has a rectangular plan. It was surrounded by sturdy walls—very well preserved—more than 6 m thick and 2.5 m high, and fortified with six towers. A necropolis SE of the site has been excavated.

The residential area, which is fairly well preserved, consists of houses rectangular in plan, each having a small inner courtyard with rooms arranged around it. The houses are contiguous and are supported by the fortress walls. The stairways go from the courtyard to the first story, or directly onto the ramparts. Iluratum is an example of a fortress desigued to protect agricultural settlers against nomads.

The finds—local hand-thrown wares with an incised design, terracotta figurines—are typical of Scytho-Sarmatian civilization, free of any Greek influence. Among the most noteworthy is a figurine of a goddess with outstretched arms, one arm in the shape of a tree trunk. The goddess had a nimbus around her head. The Hermitage Museum contains material from the site.


V. F. Gaidukevich, “Ilurat. Itogi arkheologicheskikh issledovanii 1948-1953 gg.,” Bosporskie goroda, II [Materialy i issledovaniia PO arkheologii SSSR, No. 85] (1958) 9-148; A. L. Mongait, Archaeology in the USSR, tr. M. W. Thompson (1961) 198-99; I. B. Brašinskij, “Recherches soviétiques sur les monuments antiques des régions de la Mer Noire,” Eirene 7 (1968) 99-100; I. G. Shurgaia, “Raskopki v iugo-zapadnoi chasti Ilurata v 1966 i 1968 gg.,” KSIA 124 (1970) 61-68; M. M. Kublanov, “Issledovanie nekropolia Ilurata,” KSIA 128 (1971) 78-85; id., “Raskopki nekropolia Ilurata v 1969 g.,” KSIA 130 (1972) 83-88.


hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: