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ILVA (Elba) Etruria, Italy.

Named Aithalia by the Greeks, the island is cited by Greek writers (from Polybius to Strabo, Ptolemy, and Diodorus Siculus) and by Latin writers (from Vergil to Pliny and Rutilius Namatianus) primarily for the mining of iron, first by the Greeks, then by the Etruscans and the Romans. A large number of discoveries have been made on land and in the sea (an abandoned ancient ship at Procchio). Inhabited from the Stone Age into the Roman era, the island offers even now the sight of two large Roman villas, one at Grotte di Portoferraio and the other at Cavo di Rio Marina. Archaeological finds are in the museums of Florence, Livorno, Rome, Reggio Emilia, and in depositories on Elba (Portoferraio, Marciana, and Porto Azzurro).


NSc (1880) 77-78 and (1878) 62; AnchAnthrop (1924) 89-116; V. Mellini with G. Monaco, “Memorie storiche Isola Elba,” Repertorio archeologico e Bibliografia sistematica (1965); G. Monaco in FA from 12 (1959) on and in StEtr (Rassegna Scavi e scoperte) from 27 (1959) to 41 (1973); id., Atti I & II, Convegno Stonia Elbana (1974-75); id. & M. Tabanelli, Guida all'Elba archeologica (1974-75).


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