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KALAURIA (Poros)

Island in the Saronic Gulf to the NE of Troizen. It was known as Καλαυρία (Strab. 8.6.14) and Καλαύρεια (Apoll. Rhod. III 1243) in antiquity. Chanddler (Voy. As. Mm. Grèce I 228) identified Poros as Kalauria. The ancient city was located at the highest part of Poros. At first it was independent, with a high magistrate called ταμίας but later came under the dominion of Troizen. The area was inhabited from the Early Helladic period. The city preserves sections of the Hellenistic walls, a contemporary stoa and an unidentified heröon that lie at the agora. The harbor of the city was named Pogon. A street led from it to the Temple of Poseidon through a propylon. The cult on the area dates to the beginning of the 8th c. B.C. The temple, enclosed in a peribolos, is a Doric peripteros (6 x 12 columns) and dates to ca. 520 B.C. Between the temple and the propylon there were three stoas dating in the 4th c. B.C. and a fourth dating ca. 420 B.C. Another long stoa and a rectangular building lie SW of the hieron. The latter has been associated with the convention of the maritime amphictyony of Kalauria (Strab. 8.6.14). The tomb of Demosthenes, who poisoned himself at the sanctuary in 332 B.C., was still preserved in the time of Pausanias (2.33.3).


BIBLIOGRAPHY

S. Wide & L. Kielberg, AM 20 (1895) 267-326; G. Welter, Troizen and Kalaureia (1941)MP; Ch. Callmer, Opus. Athen. I (1953) 208-23; B. Stucchi, EAA IV (1961) 295-96, s.v. Kalauria; E. Kirsten & W. Kraiker, Griechenlandkunde (1967) I 307-8; II 879 (bibliography).

D. SCHILARDI

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