(Gallipoli) Apulia, Italy.
on the Gulf of Taranto, 48 km from the Japigio Promontory. Considered by the ancients to be of Greek origin
(Mela 2.4), it was founded by the Lakedaimonian Leukippos, perhaps with the assistance of the Tarentines, for
whom it became an important port (Dion. 19.3). According to Pliny (HN 3.100
) its Messapian name would
have been Anxa, but certainly the ancient city must have
occupied the site of modern Gallipoli. In the Roman
period it had municipal regulation and was perhaps
ascribed to the tribus Fabia (CIL
IX, 7-9). Archaeological finds are in the Museo Civico.
W. Smith, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography
, I (1856) 481 (E. H. Bunbury); E. De
Ruggiero, Dizionario epigrafico di antichità romane
(1895) 38; J. Bérard, La colonisation grecque de l'Italie
méridionale et de la Sicile
F. G. LO PORTO