Greek city and port
near Chernomorskoe along the NW Crimean coast. It
was founded in the late 4th-early 3d c. B.C. by Chersonesus. A fortress against the Scythians, it was built well
into enemy territory. It was captured by the Scythians
ca. mid 2d c. B.C. and occupied by them until the early
centuries of our era.
Excavations have revealed remains of fortifications,
made of beaten earth, and ruins of stone dwellings dating
from the 1st c. B.C. to the 2d c. A.D. The finds include pottery and other articles of local make, non-Greek in
M. A. Nalivkina, “Raskopki Kerkinitidy
i Kalos Limena (1948-1952 gg.),” Istoriia i arkheologiia
(1957) 264-81; id., “Torgovye sviazi
antichnykh gorodov Severo-Zapadnogo Kryma (Kerkinitida i Kalos Limen v V-II vv. do n.e.),” Problemy istorii
Severnogo Prichernomor'ia v antichnuiu epokhu
183-94; id., “Kerkinitida i Kalos Limen,” Antichnyi
(1963) 55-60; M. L. Bernhard, “Kalos-Limen.
Fouilles Polonaises en Crimée, URSS, 1959,” Bulletin du
Musée National de Varsovie
2 (1961) no. 1; A. N.
Shcheglov, “Issledovanie sel'skoi okrugi Kalos Limena,”
M. L. BERNHARD & Z. SZTETYŁŁO