previous next

KALYMNOS (Κάλυμνος) The Dodecanese, Greece.

An island situated to the N of Kos. Kalymnos was settled by Dorians. Together with the adjacent islands it appears in the Catalogue of Ships of the Iliad (2.676-77). After the Persian Wars it became an Athenian ally. Before the end of the 3d c. B.C. it was annexed to Kos, to constitute a deme. Numerous ancient sites testify to its importance in antiquity. The main centers of occupation in Classical times seem to have flourished at Vathy. At Embolas, to the N of the valley of Vathy, is preserved a circuit wall belonging to a town. A Hellenistic tower known as Phylakai is to the SE. The crag of Kastellas is protected by a Hellenistic (?) rubble wall. At Pothaia to the S a sanctuary may have existed. An Ionic Temple of Apollo has been investigated at Christos tes Jerousalem. The cult goes back to the archaic period. A cemetery with chamber tombs has been located at Damos. Sykia, on the W side of the island, has limestone quarries. On the N, in the area between Emporion and Argeinonta, various remains have been reported, such as pottery, coins, and tombs.


L. Ross, Reisen auf den griechischen Inseln des Aegaeischen meeres II (1843) 96ff; C. T. Newton, Travels and Discoveries in the Levant (1865) 226, 252, 285ff; Bürchner, RE X2 (1919) 1768-71, s.v. Kalymna; B. D. Meritt, ATL I (1939) 494; M. Segre, Ann. Atene 22-23 (1944-45); G. E. Bean & J. A. Cook, BSA 52 (1957) 127-33M; R. H. Simpson & I. F. Lazenby, BSA 57 (1962) 172-73M.


hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: