or Sagalessos (Ağlasun) Turkey.
City in Pisidia N of Antalya, whose name and variants
thereof have been transmitted through many sources
, 13.631; Ptol. 12.19; Arr. 1.28.2; Diod.
f; Plin. HN
5.94). Little is known about its early
history and development, but it is thought that in the
Hellenistic period it was forcibly occupied by Alexander.
The city was SE of Apamea in Phrygia and near the
source of the Cayster river in the mountainous area of
Milyas; it dominated a considerable area of Pisidia. Its
territory was devastated by Gn. Manlius Vulso. In the
Imperial period, it was called magnificent, first city of
Pisidia, friend and ally of Rome, and belonged to the
province of Galatia.
The ruins were described in detail by 19th c. travelers.
The subdivision of the urban center follows the highly
developed city plan of the Hellenistic type spread under
Alexander and repeated in the mountain cities of Asia
Minor, of which Sagalossos and Termessos are the more
notable examples. The grid is oriented E-W along a
rocky ridge (Davras Daği), and the site is terraced upward, culminating in the level area of the Temple of
Antoninus Pius. A cross-street joins the upper terraces
to a nympheum. To the W is the Temple of Apollo
Klarios and to the E the gymnasium, opposite which are
the theater and the basilica.
The Temple of Antoninus Pius is Corinthian (13.87 x
26.83 m) while that of Apollo Klarios is Ionic, peripteral and hexastyle; a Christian basilica was built on its
foundations. The theater, of the last quarter of the 2d c.
A.D., has a cavea of the Hellenistic type, horseshoe-shaped
and partially resting upon rock; the NW section was constructed in the Roman period. A diazoma with a vaulted
circular corridor divided the cavea in the middle, and
the scaenae frons was unusually complex and architecturally interesting. An odeon of the Imperial period is
one of the most complete ever discovered. There was
also a palaestra (53 x 44 m, with a paved central court
and porticos along its sides), and an upper agora, set
on a terrace above that of the Temple of Antoninus Pius,
which dates from the Claudian period.
C. Lanckoronski, Städte Pamphyliens
II (1892); Head, Hist. Num
.; R. Paribeni
& P. Romanelli, MonAnt
23 (1914); M. Grant, NC
(1950); G. E. Bean, Belleten
18 (1954) 72; R. Martin,
L'Urbanisme dans la Grèce antique
(1956); J. Delorme,
(1960); M. Bieber, The History of the Greek
and Roman Theater
(1961); A. Neppi Modona, Gli
edifici teatrali greci e romani
(1961); S. A. Hall, AnatSt
18 (1968); A. de Bernardi Ferrero, Teatro classici in