District Schwabmiinchen, Bavaria, Germany.
About 15 km S of the Raetian provincial
capital Augusta Vindelicum (Augsburg), the extensive
complex of a villa rustica was discovered near a gravel
pit. It was on the road to Cambodunum and not far
from the Via Claudia Augusta. So far only some of the
adjoining buildings have been excavated and investigated. A necropolis ca. 150 m N has revealed the foundations of four pillared graves (12 to 14 m in
diameter or length) three polygonal and one rectangular in plan. One grave from the second half of the
2d c. A.D. contained ashes and remains of China silk.
Another contained extraordinarily rich grave goods: a
tripod, a small four-legged table, 18 bronze vessels,
paterae, bowls, 66 clay vessels, an alabaster bowl, and
many glass objects. Gifts in a skeleton grave fromihe
time of Gordian III identify the deceased as a physician.
Both settlement and necropolis functioned until the
middle of the 3d c. A.D., and late Roman finds are rare.
Finds are in the Prähistorische Staatssammlung in München.
N. Walke, “Römisches Gräberfeld in
41 (1963) 122fPI
; H.-J. Kellner,
Münchner Jahrbuch der Bildenden Kunst III. F
; H. U. Nuber & A. Radnóti, “Römische Brand- und Körpergräber aus Wehringen,” Jahresber.d. Bayer. Bodendenkmalpflege
10 (1969) 27-49.