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PORTA PANDANA

a gate in the fortifications of the Capitoline hill, which was said to have been called porta Saturnia at first, as the hill was called mons Saturnius (Varro, LL v. 42; Solin. i. 13). According to one story (Fest. 220, 363) the name was changed because Tatius forced Romulus to an agreement that this gate should always be open to the Sabines-quod semper pateret; according to another version (Polyaen. viii. 25) the attack on the Capitoline was made by the Gauls, and the agreement was with them. This gate is referred to by Dionysius (x. 14) as ἄκλεισται πύλαι, through which Appius Herdonius stormed the Capitol in 460 B.C., although he confuses it with the porta Carmentalis. Evidently it was on the Capitolium (ἐπὶ πέτρας ἀπροσβάτου, Polyaen. loc. cit.), not on the Arx, and presumably near the south corner and the Tarpeian rock. In historical times it can hardly have been anything else than a gate in the enclosure of the area Capitolina, perhaps used principally by those who ascended and descended by the CENTUM GRADUS (q.v.) (Jord. i. 2. 122; Gilb. i. 229-230; Richter 118; University of Michigan Studies i. 34-39; cf., however, BC 1914, 77-78, for a theory that it opened on the clivus Capitolinus).

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460 BC (1)
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