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cĭbus , i, m. perh. root of capio,
I.food for man and beast, victuals, fare, nutriment, fodder (class. in prose and poetry, both in sing. and plur.; syn.: esca, epulae; “opp. potio,Cic. Fin. 1, 11, 37; cf. id. N. D. 2, 54, 136; so, “cibus potusque,Tac. A. 13, 16: “cibus et vinum,Cic. Div. 1, 29, 60; Juv. 10, 203: “unda cibusque,Ov. M. 4, 262): “cibum capere,Plaut. Trin. 4, 2, 60; Ter. Eun. 2, 3, 77: “petere,id. ib. 3, 2, 38; id. Heaut. 5, 2, 25: “capessere (of animals),Cic. N. D. 2, 47, 122: “sumere,Nep. Att. 21, 6; Plin. 30, 5, 12, § 36: “tantum cibi et potionis adhibendum, etc.,Cic. Sen. 11, 36: “digerere,Quint. 11, 2, 35; cf. id. 11, 3, 19: “coquere,Varr. R. R. 2, 10, 7: “concoquere,Cic. Fin. 2, 20, 64: “mandere,id. N. D. 2, 54, 134: “cibos suppeditare,id. Leg. 2, 27, 67: “(Cleanthes) negat ullum esse cibum tam gravem, quin is die et nocte concoquatur,id. N. D. 2, 9, 24; cf.: “suavissimus et idem facillimus ad concoquendum,id. Fin. 2, 20, 64: “flentes orabant, ut se cibo juvarent,Caes. B. G. 7, 78 fin.: “cibus animalis,the means of nourishment in the air, Cic. N. D. 2, 55, 136: “cibi bubuli,Varr. R. R. 2, 11, 3; 1, 23, 2: “cibus erat caro ferina,Sall. J. 18, 1: “cum tenues hamos abdidit ante cibus,the bait, Tib. 2, 6, 24; Ov. M. 8, 856; 15, 476.—
B. Transf. to the nourishment of plants, the nutritive juice, Lucr. 1, 353; Plin. 17, 2, 2, § 12.—
II. Trop., food, sustenance (rare): “quasi quidam humanitatis cibus,Cic. Fin. 5, 19, 54: “cibus furoris,Ov. M. 6, 480: “causa cibusque mali,id. R. Am. 138.
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