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-ĭcĭo or dejicio , jēci, jectum, 3, v. a. jacio,
I.to throw or cast down; to hurl down, precipitate (very freq., and class.).
I. Lit.
A. In gen.: “araneas de foribus et de pariete,Plaut. Stich. 2, 2, 31: “aliquem de ponte in Tiberim,Cic. Rosc. Am. 35, 100; cf.: “aliquem e ponte,Suet. Caes. 80: “aliquem de saxo (Tarpeio),Liv. 5, 47; 6, 20; Hor. S. 1, 6, 39; cf. “aliquem saxo Tarpeio,Tac. A. 6, 19: “aliquem equo,Caes. B. G. 4, 12, 5; Liv. 4, 19: “jugum servile a cervicibus,Cic. Phil. 1, 2, 6: “togam ab umeris,Suet. Aug. 52; cf.: “togam de umero,id. Caes. 9 al.; esp. reflex. with pron.: “se de muro,Caes. B. C. 1, 18, 3; cf.: “se de superiore parte aedium,Nep. Dion, 4 fin.: “se per munitiones,Caes. B. G. 3, 26, 5: “se a praealtis montibus (venti),Liv. 28, 6: “librum in mare,Cic. Q. Fr. 2, 14; cf.: “aliquem in locum inferiorem,Caes. B. G. 5, 44, 12: “aliquem e summo in Tartara,Lucr. 5, 1124: “elatam securim in caput (regis),Liv. 1, 40; cf. id. 7, 10: “equum e campo in cavam hanc viam,force to leap down, id. 23, 47: “bustum aut monumentum, aut columnam,Cic. Leg. 2, 26; so, “statuas veterum hominum (c. c. depellere simulacra deorum),id. Cat. 3, 8, 19: “monumenta regis templaque Vestae,Hor. Od. 1, 2, 15: “signa aenea in Capitolio (tempestas),Liv. 40, 2: “omnes Hermas,Nep. Alcib. 3: “turrim,Caes. B. C. 2, 22; cf. “arces,Hor. Od. 4, 14, 13 et saep.: “arbores,to fell, Liv. 21, 37, 2; Vitr. 2, 9, 4: “caput uno ictu,to cut off, Verg. A. 9, 770; id. ib. 10, 546: “libellos,to tear down, Cic. Quint. 6, 27; Sen. Ben. 4, 12 (but Caes. B. G. 3, 15, antemnis disjectis is the true reading): comam, Afran. ap. Non. 514, 2; cf.: “crinibus dejectis,loose, dishevelled, Tac. A. 14, 30: “sortes,to cast into the urn, Caes. B. C. 1, 6, 5: “dejectam aerea sortem accepit galea,Verg. A. 5, 490 sq.: “cum dejecta sors esset,Liv. 21, 42; cf.: “pernam, glandium,to throw into the pot, Plaut. Stich. 2, 2, 36: “alvum,to purge, Cato R. R. 158; cf.: “casei caprini, qui facillimi deiciantur,” i. e. are most easily digested, Varr. R. R. 2, 11, 3; “opp. alvum superiorem,” i. e. to vomit, Cato R. R. 156, 2.—
B. Esp.
1. Milit. t. t., to drive out, dislodge an enemy from his position: hostes muro turribusque dejecti, Caes. B. G. 7, 28; cf.: “nostri dejecti sunt loco,id. ib. 7, 51: “praesidium ex saltu,id. B. C. 1, 37 fin.; cf.: “agmen Gallorum ex rupe Tarpeia,Liv. 7, 10: “ex tot castellis,id. 44, 35: “praesidium Claternā,Cic. Phil. 8, 2, 6; cf.: “praesidium loco summe munito,Hor. Ep. 2, 2, 30: praesidium (without abl.), Caes. B. G. 7, 36, 7; id. B. C. 3, 23, 2; Liv. 4, 53 al.: “castra hostium,to destroy, id. 25, 14: “praetorium,id. 41, 2 et saep.—
2. Jurid. t. t., to drive out, turn out of possession, eject, dispossess (cf. deduco): “unde vi prohibitus sis ... unde dejectus?Cic. Caecin. 13; cf. id. ib. 17, 50: “nisi ex eo loco ubi vestigium impresserit, deici neminem posse,id. ib. 27, 76 fin.: “aliquem de possessione imperii,Liv. 45, 22.—
3. Naut. t. t., pass.: deici, to be driven out of one's course: “naves ad inferiorem partem insulae,Caes. B. G. 4, 28, 2: “classis tempestate vexata ad Balearīs insulas deicitur,Liv. 23, 34, 16; id. 23, 40, 6.—
4. Pregn. (cf.: cado, concĭdo, decĭdo; caedo, concīdo, decīdo, etc.), to fell with a mortal wound, to bring down dead to the ground; to kill, slay: “his dejectis et coacervatis cadaveribus,Caes. B. G. 2, 27, 4; 4, 12; id. B. C. 1, 46; 3, 51; cf.: “quem telo primum, quem postremum aspera virgo Deicis?Verg. A. 11, 665: “avem ab alto caelo,id. ib. 5, 542; cf. id. ib. 11, 580: “Glaucoque bovem Thetidique juvencam Deicit Ancaeus,” i. e. slaughters as a sacrifice, Val. Fl. 1, 191: “super juvencum stabat dejectum leo,Phaedr. 2, 1, 1: “(Hercules) aves sagittis dejecit,Lact. 1, 9, 2: “gruem,Verg. A. 11, 580.—
5. To lower, let down, hang down, depress, of the head, etc. (cf. II. A. infra): “dejecto capite (opp. supino capite),Quint. 11, 3, 69.—Of a nod (opp. relato capite), Apul. Met. 10.—Of a wild beast: “id (caput) dejectum semper in terram,Plin. 8, 21, 32, § 77: “in pectora mentum,Ov. M. 12, 255: “euntes dejecta cervice Getae,Claud. VI. Cons. Hon. 180.—
II. Trop.
A. In gen.: “pueri Sisennae oculos de isto numquam deicere,never took their eyes off him, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 15; cf. id. ib. 2, 5, 71: “oculos a republica,id. Phil. 1, 1: “dejecit vultum et demissa voce locuta est,cast down her eyes, Verg. A. 3, 320; cf.: “oculos in terram,Quint. 1, 11, 9 al.; “and in Gr. construction, dejectus oculos,with downcast eyes, Verg. A. 11, 480: “dejectus vultum,Stat. Th. 3, 367: “ecquid ergo intellegis quantum mali de humana condicione dejeceris?thou hast removed, averted, Cic. Tusc. 1, 8; cf.: “quantum de doloris terrore,id. ib. 2, 5, 14: “vitia a se ratione,id. ib. 4, 37, 80; cf.: “cruciatum a corpore (with depellere omnia verbera),Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 62: “hunc metum Siciliae,id. ib. 2, 5, 49 fin.: “quae replenda vel deicienda sunt,Quint. 10, 4, 1: “eum de sententia dejecistis,hast diverted from his opinion, Cic. Phil. 9, 4, 8: “fortis et constantis est, non tumultuantem de gradu deici, ut dicitur,id. Off. 1, 23, 80; cf. id. Att. 16, 15, 3.—
B. In partic. (acc. to no. I. B. 2.), to cast one down from the prospect of a thing; to prevent from obtaining, to deprive, rob of: “de honore deici,Cic. Verr. 1, 9, 25: “de possessione imperii,Liv. 45, 22, 7; “for which, ad deiciendum honore eum,Liv. 39, 41; “and, dejecti honore,id. 3, 35; so with simple abl.: “aliquem aedilitate,Cic. Verr. 1, 8, 23: “aedilitate,Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 8, § 23: “praeturā,id. Mur. 36, 76: “principatu,Caes. B. G. 7, 63, 8: “certo consulatu,Liv. 40, 46, 14: “spe,id. 44, 28, 1: “ea spe,Caes. B. G. 1, 8, 4; cf.: “opinione trium legionum (i. e. spe trium legionum colligendarum),id. ib. 5, 48: “conjuge tanto,Verg. A. 3, 317. —Without abl.: M. Caelium mentio illa fatua ... subito dejecit, etc., Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 4, 3: “cum inimicum eo quoque anno petentem dejecisset,Liv. 38, 35: “uxorem (sc. conjugio),Tac. A. 11, 29 fin.: “hoc dejecto,after his fall, Nep. Thras. 3, 1; cf. Tac. A. 2, 3; Luc. 8, 27: “ex alto dejectus culmine regni,Sil. 17, 143.—
C. To humble: “deicimur, sed non perimus,Vulg. 2 Cor. 4, 9: “deiciendi hominis causa,Lact. 4, 27, 17.—Hence, dejectus , a, um, P. a. (very rare).
I. Sunk down, low: “equitatus noster etsi dejectis atque inferioribus locis constiterat,Caes. B. C. 1, 46, 3: “dejectius,Tert. adv. Marc. 1, 6 fin.
II. (Acc. to no. II. B., deprived of hope; hence) Cast down, dejected, dispirited: “haud dejectus equum duci jubet,Verg. A. 10, 858; cf.: haud sic dejecta, Stat. Th. 3, 315: “in epilogis plerumque dejecti et infracti sumus,Quint. 9. 4, 138.Sup. does not occur.— * Adv. dējectē , low; only comp., dejectius, Tert. adv. Marc. 2, 27 fin.
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