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-spēro , āvi, ātum, 1, v. n. and
I.a., to be hopeless; to have no hope of, to despair of, to give up (freq. and class.).—Constr. most freq. with de, the acc., or acc. and inf.; less freq. with the dat. or absol.
(α). With de (in Cic. rarely): “de sua virtute aut de ipsius diligentia,Caes. B. G. 1, 40, 4: “de pugna,id. ib. 1, 40, 8: “de officio imperatoris,id. ib. 1, 40, 10,: “de expugnatione,id. ib. 7, 36: “de salute,id. ib. 7, 85, 3: “de republica,Cic. Att. 8, 11, D, § “6: de summa rerum,Liv. 26, 41: de se, Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 21, 3; Cic. Fam. 7, 3, 2; 9, 15, 5; Lact. 6, 24, 1; Sen. Tranq. An. 5, 2.—
(β). With acc. (in Caes. only in the part. perf.): “honores,Cic. Cat. 2, 9: “honorem,id. Mur. 21, 43: “rempublicam,id. Fam. 12, 14, 3: “pacem,id. Att. 8, 15, 3: “voluntariam deditionem,Liv. 23, 14: “membra invicti Glyconis,Hor. Ep. 1, 1, 30; Sen. Ep. 29, 3; 104, 12.—In the pass.: “sive restituimur, sive desperamur,Cic. Q. Fr. 1, 3, 7; Quint. 1, 10, 8: “hujus salus desperanda est,Cic. Lael. 24, 90; cf.: “nil desperandum Teucro duce,Hor. Od. 1, 7, 27: “desperatis nostris rebus,Caes. B. G. 2, 24, 4; cf. id. ib. 3, 26, 5: “desperata salute,id. ib. 3, 3, 3 et saep.: “desperato improviso tumultu,Liv. 10, 14 et saep.— Middle: desperatis hominibus, who gave themselves up, i. e. were desperately resolved, desperate, Caes. B. G. 7, 3.—
(δ). With dat.: “saluti,Cic. Clu. 25, 68: “oppido,id. Pis. 34 fin.: “rebus tuis,id. ib. 36, 89: “suis fortunis,Caes. B. G. 3, 12, 3: “sibi,id. ib. 7, 50, 4; Cic. Mur. 21 fin.: “saluti suae,id. Clu. 25.—(ε) Absol.: “sive habes aliquam spem de republica sive desperas,Cic. Fam. 2, 5; id. Off. 1, 21 fin.; Quint. 2, 4, 10; 12 prooem. § 2; Ov. M. 10, 371 et saep.: “spem habere a tribuno plebis, a senatu desperasse,Cic. Pis. 6.—Hence, *
1. dēspēranter , adv., hopelessly, despairingly: “loqui secum,Cic. Att. 14, 18, 3.—
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