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ex-pōno , pŏsŭi, pŏsĭtum, 3 (ante-class.
I.perf. exposivit, Plaut. Cas. 4, 4, 27; “sync. expostus,Verg. A. 10, 694; Stat. Th. 7, 197), v. a., to put or set out, to set forth, expose (class.; most freq. in the trop. signif.; cf.: expedio, explano, explico).
I. Lit.
B. In partic.
2. Naut. t. t.
a. To set on shore, to land, disembark: “milites ex navibus,Caes. B. G. 4, 37, 1; “for which: socios de puppibus,Verg. A. 10, 288: “milites in terram,Caes. B. C. 3, 23, 2: “expositis omnibus copiis,id. ib. 3, 29, 2; 1, 31 fin.; Liv. 24, 40, 9: “ibi in terram,id. 34, 8, 7; Front. Strat. 2, 5, 44; cf.: “in litora,Liv. 37, 28, 8: “aegra mancipia in insulam,Suet. Claud. 25; but also with abl.: “in Africa,Liv. 28, 44, 10 Drak. N. cr.: “in terra,Vell. 2, 79, 4: “in litore,Suet. Caes. 4; Just. 22, 5; Liv. 2, 22, 3; 26, 17, 2; Sen. Ep. 53, 2: “in portu,Just. 18, 1, 3: “ibi Themistoclem,Nep. Them. 8, 7: “ad eum locum milites,Caes. B. C. 3, 6, 3: “quibus regionibus exercitum exposuisset,id. ib. 3, 29 fin.: “expositum peregrinis arenis os,Ov. M. 11, 56: “quartā vix demum exponimur horā,Hor. S. 1, 5, 23: advexi frumentum; “exposui, vendo meum, etc.,have unloaded, unpacked, opened, Cic. Off. 3, 12, 51: “merces,Dig. 14, 2, 10.—
b. To throw on the ground, throw down: “paene exposivit cubito,Plaut. Cas. 4, 4, 34.—
c. To throw overboard: “si propter necessitatem adversae tempestatis expositum onus fuerit,Dig. 39, 4, 16, § 8.—
3. Mercant. t. t.: pecuniam, to offer a sum to one, place at one's disposal, to be ready to pay: “de Oppio bene curasti, quod ei DCCC. exposuisti,Cic. Att. 5, 4, 3 (for which, aperuisti, id. ib. 5, 1, 2).—
4. Pregn., to leave exposed or unprotected, to expose, lay open (not ante-Aug.): “ad ictus,Liv. 9, 35, 6; Curt. 8, 14, 31: “ille ad omnes ictus expositus,id. 9, 5, 9: “ne inermes provinciae barbaris nationibus exponerentur,Tac. H. 3, 5: “exercitum hosti,Flor. 3, 11; Plin. 11, 19, 21, § 67: “ceteris animalibus imbecillitatem hominum,Lact. 3, 23, 10; id. Epit. 9, 1; Val. Max. 7, 1, ext. 2: “piscibus beluisque,Petr. 115: “exposito solibus loco,Plin. 15, 5, 6, § 21.—Pass. absol.: (iracundi) simplices videntur, quia expositi sunt, Sen. de Ira, 2, 16, 3.
II. Trop.
A. In gen.: “totam causam, judices, explicemus atque ante oculos expositam consideremus,Cic. Rosc. Am. 12, 34; cf.: “vitam alterius in oculis conspectuque omnium exponere,id. Div. in Caecil. 8, 27: “disciplina puerilis publice exposita,id. Rep. 4, 3: “orationem,to publish, id. de Or. 1, 53, 227; cf.: “capita exposita nec explicata,id. Brut. 44, 164: “erant huic studio maxima exposita praemia,id. de Or. 1, 4, 15: “praemium,to set forth, propose, id. Quint. 23, 74: vitam suam exponere ad imitandum juventuti, id. Fragm. ap. Non. 104, 3: “factum expositum ad imitandum,id. Phil. 2, 44, 114: “exposita ad exemplum nostra re publica,id. Rep. 1, 46: “opprobrio ad omnium convicia exposito,Suet. Caes. 49: “expositum ad invidiam nomen,Tac. H. 2, 53: “nomen Dei,to prostitute, dishonor, Lact. 1, 7.—
B. In partic., of speech, to set forth, exhibit, relate, explain, expound; constr. with acc. and inf., or a rel. clause as object, or with de: “coepit rationem hujus operis scientissime Gallus exponere,Cic. Rep. 1, 14: “talis coetus, qualem exposui,id. ib. 1, 26: “quae adhuc exposui,id. ib. 2, 23: “obscura dilucide,id. Fin. 4, 1, 1: “rem pluribus verbis,id. ib. 3, 4, 15: “rem breviter,id. Cat. 3, 1, 3: “mandata in senatu,id. de Or. 2, 12, 49: “narrationem,id. Or. 62, 210: “sententias ejus disputationis hoc libro,id. Lael. 1, 3: “artes rhetoricas,id. de Or. 3, 20, 75: “disputationem alicui,id. Rep. 1, 8: “sermonem de amicitia alicui,id. Lael. 1, 3: “eadem multitudini,Caes. B. G. 7, 38, 4: “expone igitur primum animos remanere post mortem, tum docebis, etc.,explain, Cic. Tusc. 1, 12, 26: “apud eosdem (censores), qui magistratu abierint, edant et exponant, quid in magistratu gesserint,id. Leg. 3, 20, 47: “ex memoria alicui quid senatus censuerit,id. Cat. 3, 6, 13: “ab initio, res quemadmodum gesta sit,id. Rosc. Am. 5, 14; id. Rep. 1, 26; cf.: “hoc de quo modo exposuit Antonius,id. de Or. 1, 22, 102; id. Fam. 1, 9, 10: “expone nunc de reprehendendo,id. Part. Or. 12, 44.—In abl. neutr. absol.: “Caesar contione advocata ... exposito, quid iniquitas loci posset, etc.,Caes. B. G. 7, 52, 2 Oud.; so, “exposito quod nuntiatum erat,Curt. 4, 13: “quasi gesta bello expositurus,Tac. A. 15, 72: summum bonum exposuit vacuitatem doloris, i. q. definivit, be defined, Cic. Fin. 5, 5, 14 Madv.; cf. ib. 5, 8, 22; and, expositio, ib. § 21.—Hence, expŏsĭtus , a, um, P. a., qs. publicly set out; hence, open, free, accessible.
A. Lit.: “limen,Stat. S. 1, 2, 24: “census,open to all, id. ib. 2, 2, 152: “numen (with nulli negatum),Luc. 5, 103; cf.: “(homo) obvius et expositus,Plin. Ep. 1, 10, 2.—As subst.: ex-pŏsĭta , ōrum, n., the open parts, those exposed to view: “frontem ejus tantum novi et exposita, quae ostendit etiam transeuntibus,Sen. Ep. 55, 6.—
B. Trop.
1. Accessible, affable: “mores,Stat. S. 5, 3, 246.—
2. Of authors, intelligible, lucid: “optimos quidem, sed tamen eorum candidissimum quemque et maxime expositum velim,Quint. 2, 5, 19.—
3. In a bad sense, common, vulgar: “qui nihil expositum soleat deducere, etc.,Juv. 7, 54.—Adv.: expŏ-sĭte , plainly, clearly: “non exposite et aperte ostendere, sed reconditā significatione,Gell. 3, 2, 14.
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