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turbŭlentus , a, um, adj. turba,
I.full of trouble or commotion.
I. Pass., restless, agitated, confused, disturbed, boisterous, stormy, tempestuous (class.; “syn. tumultuosus): tempestas,stormy, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 10, § 26; Plaut. Rud. 4, 4, 143; “Auct. B. Alex. 45, 2: loci Neptunii,Plaut. Mil. 2, 5, 3: “aqua,turbid, muddy, Phaedr. 1, 1, 5: “atomorum turbulenta concursio,confused, Cic. Fin. 1, 6, 20: “est igitur quiddam turbulentum in hominibus singulis,id. Rep. 3, 35, 49 (Non. 301, 6): “res publica,id. Fam. 12, 10, 3: “heu edepol res turbulentas!Plaut. Ep. 1, 1, 68: “praeda,id. Rud. 4, 4, 142: “ea sunt et turbulenta et temeraria et periculosa,Cic. Caecin. 12, 34: “errores,id. N. D. 2, 28, 70: “animi,stirred up, aroused, excited, id. Tusc. 4, 5, 9.—Comp.: “turbulentior inde annus excepit,Liv. 2, 61, 1.—Sup.: “turbulentissimum tempus (opp. tranquillissimum),Cic. Pis. 15, 33; id. Fam. 9, 1.—
II. Act., making trouble, troublesome, turbulent, factious, seditious: turba plerumque est turbulenta, Varr. ap. Gell. 13, 11, 3: “P. Decius fuit ut vita sic oratione etiam turbulentus,Cic. Brut. 28, 108: “seditiosus civis et turbulentus,id. de Or. 2, 11, 48: “turbulenti et mali cives,id. ib. 2, 31, 135: “tribuni,Tac. H. 2, 38: “contiones,Cic. Att. 4, 3, 4; Quint. 5, 13, 39: “consilia Antonii,Cic. Att. 15, 4, 1: “minae populi,Quint. 2, 20, 8.— Sup.: “tribuni plebis,Caes. B. C. 1, 5: “leges,Suet. Caes. 16.—Hence, adv.: turbŭlen- , in a turbulent manner, confusedly, tumultuously, boisterously, with violence (cf. also turbulenter).
(α). Form turbulente: “qui non turbulente humana patiantur,without agitation, composedly, Cic. Tusc. 4, 28, 60: “se gerere,Dig. 48, 19, 28, § 3.—
(β). Form turbulenter: “nihil turbulenter, nihil temere facere,Cic. Fam. 2, 16, 7.—Comp.: “egit de Caepione turbulentius,Cic. Part. Or. 30, 105.—Sup.: “regere,Sid. Ep. 2, 13 med.
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