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40. τυγχάνεις ἐπιστήμων. τυγχάνεις has sunk to a mere copula. It is not necessary to insert ὤν after ἐπιστήμων, although it is only in a few cases that τυγχάνω (in this sense) occurs in Plato's MSS. without the participle expressed, viz. Phaedr. 263C μέγιστον τῶν ἀγαθῶν τυγχάνει; Gorg. 502B εἰ δέ τι τυγχάνει ἀηδὲς καὶ ὠφέλιμον; Rep. II. 369B τυγχάνει ἡμῶν ἕκαστος οὐκ αὐτάρκης ἀλλὰ πολλῶν ἐνδεής; Alc. I, 129A ῥᾴδιον τυγχάνει τὸ γνῶναι ἑαυτόν; ibid. 133A ἐκεῖνο τοῦτο τυγχάνει ὅμοιον. In these cases (as here in the Protagoras) it is easy to suppose that the participle has fallen out from ‘lipography’: but in Hipp. Maior (perhaps pseudo-Platonic), 300Aand in Laws, XI. 918C, and Timaeus, 61C, the participle cannot be so easily supplied: and that the construction without the participle was used in everyday speech appears from Ar. Eccl. 1141 καὶ τῶν θεατῶν εἴ τις εὔνους τυγχάνει. See Rutherford's New Phrynichus, p. 342.

43. περὶ τοῖς φιλτάτοις. τὰ φίλτατα is used here of the soul's health as in Gorg. 513A σὺν τοῖς φιλτάτοις αἵρεσις ἡμῖν ἔσται ταύτης τῆς δυνάμεως τῆς ἐν τῇ πόλει.

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