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50. παρακαλεῖν is future: cf. Theaet. 183D ἀλλά μοι δοκῶοὐ πείσεσθαι αὐτῷ, Phaedr. 228C δοκεῖς σὺ οὐδαμῶς με ἀφήσειν: tr. ‘therefore I think I will call you to my assistance’. ἐγώ and σέ are contrasted in view of the illustration which is about to follow.

ὥσπερ ἔφη κτλ.: ὥσπερ corresponds to καὶ ἐγώ in l. 55: as, according to Homer, Scamander called on Simois, so look you, I call upon you. For ὥσπερ used in this way see above, note on 330A The other editors take δοκῶ οὖν ἐγὼ παρακαλεῖν σέ with the ὥσπερ clause, and, regarding παρακαλεῖν as a present, print a full stop after σχῶμεν in the quotation; but (1) there is a certain awkwardness in the repetition ‘I think I am summoning you’ and ‘so look you, I am summoning you’; (2) the quotation does not finish with σχῶμεν, but ἐκπέρσῃ in l. 56 belongs to it also—a point which is against separating φίλε κασίγνητεσχῶμεν from the following clause. In the view which we have taken a fresh start begins with ὥσπερ, after which the actual summons follows in the present ἀτὰρ καὶ ἐγὼ σὲ παρακαλῶ.

51. ἔφη Ὁμηρος. Il. XXI. 305 ff. οὐδὲ Σκάμανδρος ἔληγε τὸ ὃν μένος ἀλλ᾽ ἔτι μᾶλλον χώετο ΡηλείωνιΣιμόεντι δὲ κέκλετ᾽ ἀύσας: Φίλε κασίγνητε, σθένος ἀνέπος ἀμφότεποί ρεπ σχῶμεν, ἐρεὶ τάχα ἄστυ μέγα Πριάμοιο ἄνακτος ἐκπέρσει. This ἐκπέρσει explains the occurrence of ἐκπέρσῃ in l. 56, although (as Heindorf shows) the same metaphor is occasionally found in tragedy (but hardly in prose), e.g. Trach. 1104 τυφλῆς ὑπ᾽ ἄτης ἐκπεπόρθημαι τάλας.

55. ἀτάρ: cf. above 335D

57. μουσικῆς: ‘culture’, as often; here not without some sarcasm, in reference to Prodicus' ὀνομάτων ὀρθότης, exemplified in 337Aff.

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