Union view of the Exchange of prisoners.
I have been a regular reader of the “Unwritten history of the late War,” as published in the weekly times.
I read the history of the exchange of prisoners by Judge Ould
the Confederate Commissioner
of Exchanges, in which Secretary Stanton
and other Federal officers are charged with violating the cartel, while the Confederate
authorities are represented as acting in good faith.
I believe that I will be able to show that all the obstructions to there exchange of prisoners during the late war were the result of bad faith in the President
of the Southern Confederacy.
On the 2d of July, 1862, a cartel was agreed upon by the belligerents, in which it was stipulated that all prisoners captured by either party should be paroled and delivered at certain points specified within ten days after their capture, or, as soon thereafter as practicable.
This was to be done in all cases except those in which commanding generals on the battle-field paroled their prisoners by agreement.
No other paroles were valid.
If a guerrilla chief captured a foraging party, and paroled those who composed it, it amounted to nothing, and if their officers ordered them into immediate service, it was no violation of the cartel.
In March, 1863, the gallant General A. D. Streight
, then Colonel
of the Fifty-first Indiana Infantry, by order of General Rosecrans
, made a raid at the head of a picked brigade, setting out from Murfreesboro, Tennessee
, and proceeding into the northern part of Alabama
, and thence into Northern Georgia
When he had advanced as far as Rome, Georgia
, he was intercepted by the Confederate