Meetings of Sherman
, April T1th and 18th: By a not unusual error of memory, General Sherman
probably attributes to Johnston
language that he heard in Raleigh
the following evening (see pages 349 and 351). It could not have entered the mind of the latter that any of the class to which General Sherman
belongs could entertain a suspicion that Mr. Davis
was accessory to assassination.
The object of our meeting, expressed in a letter in his report, page 137, was to make a general armistice-“to enable the civil authorities to enter into the needful arrangements to terminate the existing war.”
He said that this was impracticable, and offered such terms of surrender as were granted to the army of Northern Virginia.
declined to capitulate, because the military condition in North Carolina
was unlike that in Virginia
, and proposed that they should agree upon preliminaries of peace, citing authorities.
assented, and in less than two hours the terms, drawn up and adopted next day, were agreed upon, except that General Sherman
refused to include Mr. Davis
and his Cabinet in the article (sixth) granting amnesty.
This question was discussed till sunset, when they agreed to resume the subject next morning.
to the meeting, and Mr. Reagan
put on paper the terms discussed the day before, which Johnston
had given, and sent the paper after him. As soon as received, without any discussion aside, these terms were proposed to General Sherman
, with the reminder that they had been almost accepted the day before.
With this paper before him, General Sherman
wrote rapidly that which was adopted and signed, which expressed in his language the terms discussed the day before.
The terms of this convention show that there was no question of surrender, but of peace; nor of Johnston
's power over other Confederate armies, for in the last paragraph both acknowledge that they had not the power, but pledge themselves to obtain it.