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[469]

General Meade, in his official report of the battle, merely refers to the fact that, on the 3d of July, “General Gregg was engaged with the enemy on our extreme right, having passed across the Baltimore pike and Bonaughtown road and boldly attacked the enemy's left and rear,” and in his dispatches of that date he telegraphed in the evening to Washington: “My cavalry have been engaged all day on both flanks of the enemy, harassing and vigorously attacking him with great success, notwithstanding they encountered superior numbers, both cavalry and infantry.” Swinton, in his “Campaigns of the army of the Potomac,” states that “during the action (July 3d) the cavalry had been operating on the flanks-Kilpatrick's Division on the left, and Gregg's Division on the right,” and, in a note, “the scope of this work does not permit the recital of the details of the numerous cavalry affairs.” And Bates, in his “History of the battle of Gettysburg,” which contains some good material, gives a few lines to an account of the operations on the right flank, correct in the main, but he erroneously locates Stuart with his cavalry on the right of the Confederate line.

In the official maps of the battle-field, recently published by the War Department, the responsible duty of designating thereon the positions of the different portions of the contending armies, has been assigned to Mr. John B. Bachelder. He also has paid but little attention in his studies of the battle to the operations of the cavalry, but in a memorandum, apparently accounting for the absence from other places of the Confederate cavalry command of General Stuart, he makes a half-hidden mention of “Gregg's cavalry” on the maps, both of the 2d and 3d of July, as being engaged on those days outside their limits. He has fallen into error even in designating the roads on which those forces met. This may, in some degree, be owing to the fact, that the official surveys, from which the maps were prepared, have not been extended sufficiently far to the east to cover the field of the operations, though an equivalent quantity of

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