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[1353b] [1]

Cleomenes, as the beginning of the month approached when his soldiers' allowance became due, deliberately sailed away down the river; and not till the month was advanced did he return and distribute the allowance. For the coming month, he omitted the distribution altogether until the following month began. Thus the men were quieted by the recent distribution, and Cleomenes, passing over a month each year, docked his troops of a month's pay.1

Stabelbius, king of the Mysians, lacking pay to give his troops, summoned a meeting of the officers, and declared that he no longer needed the private soldiers, but only the officers. When he required troops, he would entrust a sum of money to each officer and send him to collect mercenaries; but that meanwhile he preferred to give the officers the pay he would otherwise have to give the men. Accordingly he bade each dismiss the men who were on his own muster-roll. The officers, scenting a source of gain for themselves, dismissed their men, as they were bidden. Shortly afterwards, Stabelbius called them together and informed them that a conductor without his chorus and an officer without his men were alike useless; wherefore let them depart from his country. [20]

When Dionysius was making a tour of the temples, wherever he saw a gold or silver table set, he bade them fill a cup "in honor of the good spirit,"2 and then had the table carried away. Wherever, again, he saw a precious bowl set before one of the images, he would order its removal, with the words" I accept it." He also stripped the images of their golden raiment and garlands, and declaring he would give them lighter and more fragrant wear, arrayed them in robes of white <linen> and garlands of white socks.

1 σιταρχία (corn allowance) and μισθός (pay) here seem to be identified; possibly because in a land where grain was readily purchasable the former was given in money. Cf. 23, 29.

2 Cf. Cic. De natura deorum 3.3.4 and Athenaeus Deipnosophistae 15.693.

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    • Cicero, de Natura Deorum, 3.3
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