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”.6When, therefore, it is based on a definite agreement, this is civic and legal friendship; but when they trust each other for repayment, it tends to be moral friendship, that of comrades. Hence this is the kind of friendship in which recriminations most occur, the reason being that it is contrary to nature; for friendship based on utility and friendship based on goodness are different, but these people wish to have it both ways at once—they associate together for the sake of utility but make it out to be a moral friendship as between good men,
1 The inferior party p claims to draw a larger share of benefit B and to leave the smaller share b to the superior party P, the result of which would be p+B and P+b. The superior party P also invokes the principle of inverse proportion (line 7), but applies it to their contributions to the common cause, not to the benefits drawn from it: he claims to make a smaller contribution c, while the inferior party makes a larger one C, the result of which would be P-c and p-C. The proposed conjunctions are in fact both of them diagonal, connecting the larger person with the smaller thing and vice versa.
2 Perhaps the Greek should be altered to give 'friendship is a charity and not a partnership.'
3 i.e. the advantage in the shape of protection, guidance, etc., that the inferior party derives from the friendship.
4 Lit. 'the Athenians no longer recognize the Megarians.' Author unknown Fr. Eleg. Adespota 6 (Bergk).
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