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1 The context seems to disprove the alternative rendering ‘just as to cure eyes the oculist must have a general of the structure of the whole of the body as well.’ The illustration is a reminiscence of Plat. Charm. 156b-e, but does not follow that passage exactly.
3 These ἐξωτερικοὶ λόγοι are also mentioned in 6.4.2 and six other places in Aristotle （see Ross on Aristot. Met. 1076a 28）. In Aristot. Pol. 1323a 22 they are appealed to for the tripartite classification of goods which in 8.2 above is ascribed to current opinion ‘of long standing and generally accepted by students of philosophy.’ The phrase therefore seems to denote arguments or doctrines （whether familiar in philosophic debates, for which see note on 5.6, or actually recorded in books）, that were not peculiar to the Peripatetic school; in some cases, as here, it may refer specially to the tenets of the Academy.
4 Literally “having a plan or principle.”