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Right justice will be done）.
”  For in many cases Reciprocity is at variance with Justice: for example, if an officer strikes a man, it is wrong for the man to strike him back; and if a man strikes an officer, it is not enough for the officer to strike him, but he ought to be punished as well.  Again, it makes a great difference whether an act was done with or without the consent of the other party.5  But in the interchange of services Justice in the form of Reciprocity is the bond that maintains the association: reciprocity, that is, on the basis of proportion, not on the basis of equality. The very existence of the state depends on proportionate reciprocity; for men demand that they shall be able to requite evil with evil—
1 i.e., the party that has too much.
2 The mss. here insert the sentence that appears again at 5.9 init.
3 Literally ‘where the law gives immunity,’ that is, does not give redress for inequality resulting from the contract. Should inequality result from a breach of the contract, this would of course be a case for the intervention of Corrective Justice in Voluntary Transactions （chap. 2 fin.）.
4 That is, retaliation: A shall have done to him what he has done to B.
5 Literally ‘whether the act was voluntary or involuntary’; see first note on 2.13.