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[10]

(8) And again, it is harder to fight against pleasure than against anger (hard as that is, as Heracleitus1 says); but virtue, like art, is constantly dealing with what is harder, since the harder the task the better is success. For this reason also therefore pleasure and pain are necessarily the main concern both of virtue and of political science, since he who comports himself towards them rightly will be good, and he who does so wrongly, bad.

1 Heraclitus, Fr. 105 (Bywater) θυμῷ μάχεσθαι χαλεπόν: τι γὰρ ἂν χρηίζῃ γίνεσθαι, ψυχῆς ὠνέεται, ‘it is hard to fight with anger [or ‘desire,’ θυμῷ in the Homeric sense, Burnet]. Whatever it wishes to get, it purchases at the cost of life.’

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