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1 In Attic legal procedure, the challenge （ πρόκλησις） to take an oath on the question at issue was one method of deciding it. One party offered the other something to swear by （ δίδωσι ὅρκον）, this being the real meaning of ὅρκος, and the other party either accepted （ λαμβάνει, δέχεται） it or refused it. Both parties, of their own accord, might propose to take the oath.
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