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[4] It is necessary then, if possible, that the service should be in the same direction1; if not, that it should apply to cases of similar or greater need.

Since then it is evident on what occasions,2 for what reasons, and in what frame of mind a feeling of benevolence arises, it is clear that we must derive our arguments from this—to show that the one side either has been, or still is, in such pain or need, and that the other has rendered, or is rendering, such a service in such a time of need.

1 That is, should have in view the satisfaction of urgent wants and desires (Cope).

2 Reading ὅτε; others read οἷς, “by whom.”

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load focus Notes (E. M. Cope, 1877)
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