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[3] The similes of the poets also have the same effect; wherefore, if they are well constructed, an impression of smartness is produced. For the simile, as we have said, is a metaphor differing only by the addition of a word,1 wherefore it is less pleasant because it is longer; it does not say that this is that, so that
the mind does not even examine this.

1 προσθέσει: the addition of the particle of comparison ὡς. προθέσει (the reading of the Paris ms.) would mean, (1) “manner of setting forth” (Cope), or (2) “a metaphor, with a preface” (Jebb) (but the meaning of this is not clear). The simile only says that one thing resembles another, not, like the metaphor, that it is another; since the speaker does not say this, the result is that the mind of the hearer does not go into the matter, and so the chance of instruction, of acquiring some information, is lost.

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