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uncontrol, and of the spirit as a whole unrighteousness, meanness and smallmindedness.2.

Wisdom is goodness of the rational part that is productive of the things contributing to happiness. [2] Gentleness is goodness of the passionate part that makes people difficult to move to anger. [3] Courage is goodness of the passionate part that makes them undismayed by fear of death. [4] Sobriety of mind is goodness of the appetitive part that makes them not desirous of the base pleasures of sensual enjoyment. [5] Self-control is goodness of the appetitive part that enables men by means of reason to restrain their appetite when it is set on base pleasures. [6] Righteousness is goodness of the spirit shown in distributing what is according to desert. [7] Liberality is goodness of spirit shown in spending rightly on fine objects. Great-spiritedness is goodness of spirit that enables men to bear good fortune and bad, honor and dishonor.3. On the other hand folly is badness of the rational part that causes bad living. [2] Ill-temper is badness of the passionate part that makes men easy to provoke to anger. [3] Cowardice is badness of the passionate part that causes men to be dismayed by fear, and especially by fear of death. [4] Profligacy is badness of the appetitive part that makes men desirous of the base pleasures of sensual enjoyment. [5] Uncontrol is badness of the appetitive part that makes men choose base pleasures when reason tries to hinder. [6] Unrighteousness is badness of spirit that makes men covetous of what is contrary to their desert. [7] Meanness is badness of spirit that makes men try to get profit from all sources. [8] Smallmindedness is badness of spirit that makes men unable to bear good fortune and bad, honor and dishonor.4.

It belongs to wisdom to take counsel, to judge the goods and evils and all the things in life that are desirable and to be avoided, to use all the available goods finely, to behave rightly in society, to observe due occasions, to employ both speech and action with sagacity, to have expert knowledge of all things that are useful. [2] Memory and experience and acuteness are each of them either a consequence or a concomitant of wisdom; or some of them are as it were subsidiary causes of wisdom, as for instance experience and memory, others as it were parts of it, for example good counsel and acuteness. [3]

To gentleness belongs ability to bear reproaches and slights with moderation, and not to embark on revenge quickly, and not to be easily provoked to anger, but free from bitterness and contentiousness, having tranquillity and stability in the spirit. [4]

To courage it belongs to be undismayed by fears of death and confident in alarms and

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