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by fear of death. [4] Profligacy is badness of the appetitive part that makes men desirous of the base pleasures of sensual enjoyment. [5] Uncontrol is badness of the appetitive part that makes men choose base pleasures when reason tries to hinder. [6] Unrighteousness is badness of spirit that makes men covetous of what is contrary to their desert. [7] Meanness is badness of spirit that makes men try to get profit from all sources. [8] Smallmindedness is badness of spirit that makes men unable to bear good fortune and bad, honor and dishonor.4.

It belongs to wisdom to take counsel, to judge the goods and evils and all the things in life that are desirable and to be avoided, to use all the available goods finely, to behave rightly in society, to observe due occasions, to employ both speech and action with sagacity, to have expert knowledge of all things that are useful. [2] Memory and experience and acuteness are each of them either a consequence or a concomitant of wisdom; or some of them are as it were subsidiary causes of wisdom, as for instance experience and memory, others as it were parts of it, for example good counsel and acuteness. [3]

To gentleness belongs ability to bear reproaches and slights with moderation, and not to embark on revenge quickly, and not to be easily provoked to anger, but free from bitterness and contentiousness, having tranquillity and stability in the spirit. [4]

To courage it belongs to be undismayed by fears of death and confident in alarms and

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