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are our duties to the gods, then our duties to the spirits,1 then those to country and parents, then those to the departed; and among these claims is piety, which is either a part of righteousness or a concomitant of it. [3] Righteousness is also accompanied by holiness and truth and loyalty and hatred of wickedness. [4]

To liberality it belongs to be profuse of money on praiseworthy objects and lavish in spending on what is necessary, and to be helpful in a matter of dispute, and not to take from wrong sources. The liberal man is cleanly in his dress and dwelling, and fond of providing himself with things that are above the ordinary and fine and that afford entertainment without being profitable; and he is fond of keeping animals that have something special or remarkable about them. [5] Liberality is accompanied by elasticity and ductility of character, and kindness, and a compassionate and affectionate and hospitable and honorable nature. [6]

To greatness of spirit it belongs to bear finely both good fortune and bad, honor and disgrace, and not to think highly of luxury or attention or power or victories in contests, and to possess a certain depth and magnitude of spirit. He who values life highly and who is fond of life is not great-spirited. The great-spirited man is simple and noble in character, able to bear injustice and not revengeful. [7] Greatness of spirit is accompanied by simplicity and sincerity.6.

To folly belongs bad judgement of affairs, bad counsel, bad fellowship, bad use of one's resources, false opinions

1 Deities of a minor order, in some cases the souls of dead men of the heroic age; often the object of only local worship.

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