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On the same straight line there cannot be constructed two similar and unequal segments of circles on the same side.

For, if possible, on the same straight line AB let two similar and unequal segments of circles ACB, ADB be constructed on the same side; let ACD be drawn through, and let CB, DB be joined.

Then, since the segment ACB is similar to the segment ADB, and similar segments of circles are those which admit equal angles, [III. Def. 11]

the angle ACB is equal to the angle ADB, the exterior to the interior: which is impossible. [I. 16]

Therefore etc. Q. E. D. 1

1 cannot be constructed, οὐ συσταθήσεται, the same phrase as in 1. 7.

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