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[8] You have concluded that one person will be immortal,1 yet you sentenced to death a city as old as ours, never realizing the simple fact that no tyrant has yet risen from the dead, while many cities, though utterly destroyed, have come again to power. You and your party took no account of the history of the Thirty or of the city's triumph over her assailants from without and those within her walls who joined in the attack upon her.2 It was well known that you were all watching the city's fortunes, waiting for the chance to say or do something against the people.

1 This passage is important for determining the date of the speech. It has been held, e. g., by Kenyon, that the remark is a gibe, in which there would be no point unless Philip were already dead. But the use of the perfect tense (ὑπείληφας) seems to imply that he was still living when Hyperides spoke, or had only just been killed.

2 The reference is to the return of the democrats to Athens in 403 B.C., under Thrasybulus, who had to contend both with the Spartans under Lysander and with the Thirty.

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