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On the Estate of Philoctemon
 Philoctemon of Cephisia was a friend of Chaerestratus here, and died, having bequeathed to him his property and having adopted him as his son. Chaerestratus in accordance with the law1 claimed the estate. But, since it is lawful for any Athenian who wishes to do so to dispute an inheritance by bringing a direct action before you, and if he can establish a better claim, to obtain possession of the estate,
1 Being adopted posthumously he had to obtain a legal adjudication before he could take possession. This formality was not necessary for a son adopted in the lifetime of the testator.