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[189] And they have been manifestly of this mind both in their government of the state in other respects and in the conduct of the greatest affairs. For in the three wars,1 apart from the Trojan war, which were fought by the Hellenes against the barbarians—in all these they placed our city in the forefront of the fighting. Of these wars, one was the struggle against Xerxes,2 in which they were as much superior to the Lacedaemonians in every crisis as were the latter to the rest of the Hellenes.

1 Three “wars,” with no attention to chronology: (1) that against Xerxes; (2) the warfare connected with the Ionian Colonization; (3) four campaigns summarized as one, all dealing with invasions: (a) that against Eumolpus and the Thracians; (b) that against the Scythians; (c) that against Eurystheus; (d) that against Dareius.

2 See Isoc. 12.49 ff.

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  • Cross-references in notes from this page (1):
    • Isocrates, Panathenaicus, 49
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