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[26] And during the forty years1 of civic discord the Alcmeonidae were hated so much more bitterly than all other Athenians by the tyrants that whenever the tyrants had the upper hand they not only razed their dwellings, but even dug up their tombs2; and so completely were the Alcmeonidae trusted by their fellow-exiles that they continued during all that time to be leaders of the people. At last, Alcibiades and Cleisthenes3—the former my great-grandfather on my father's side, the latter my father's maternal great-grandfather—assuming the leadership of those in exile, restored the people to their country, and drove out the tyrants.

1 Roughly speaking the period of the rule of Pisistratus and his sons, 560-510 B.C.

2 Cf. Hdt. 5.71.

3 Cleisthenes was the reformer of the Athenian constitution and founder of the democracy.

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    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.71
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