The Peiraeus was a parish from early times, though it was not a port before Themistocles became an archon of the Athenians.1
Their port was Phalerum, for at this place the sea comes nearest to Athens
, and from here men say that Menestheus set sail with his fleet for Troy
, and before him Theseus, when he went to give satisfaction to Minos for the death of Androgeos. But when Themistocles became archon, since he thought that the Peiraeus was more conveniently situated for mariners, and had three harbors as against one at Phalerum, he made it the Athenian port. Even up to my time there were docks there, and near the largest harbor is the grave of Themistocles. For it is said that the Athenians repented of their treatment of Themistocles, and that his relations took up his bones and brought them from Magnesia
. And the children of Themistocles certainly returned and set up in the Parthenon a painting, on which is a portrait of Themistocles.