For the disaster at Chaeronea1
was the beginning of misfortune for all the Greeks, and especially did it enslave those who had been blind to the
danger and such as had sided with Macedon
. Most of their cities Philip captured; with Athens
he nominally came to terms, but really imposed the severest penalties upon her, taking away the islands and putting an end to her maritime empire. For a time the Athenians remained passive, during the reign of Philip and subsequently of Alexander. But when on the death of Alexander the Macedonians chose Aridaeus to be their king, though the whole empire had been entrusted to Antipater, the Athenians now thought it intolerable if Greece
should be for ever under the Macedonians, and themselves embarked on war besides inciting others to join them.