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As the Achaeans now turned their gaze on Philopoemen and placed in him all their hopes, he succeeded in changing the equipment of those serving in their infantry. They had been carrying short javelins and oblong shields after the fashion of the Celtic “door” or the Persian “wicker”1 Philopoemen, however, persuaded them to put on breast-plates and greaves, and also to use Argolic shields2 and long spears.

1 The θυρεός was so named from being shaped like a door, and the γέρρον was an oblong wicker shield covered with hide.

2 The ἀσπίς was round in shape.

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