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Everybody, I believe, gives the name of “headship” to the government which then existed,—and it still continues to exist to-day among both Greeks and barbarians in many quarters.1 And, of course, Homer mentions its existence in connection with the household system of the Cyclopes, where he says— “No halls of council and no laws are theirs,
But within hollow caves on mountain heights
Aloft they dwell, each making his own law.

1 Cp. Aristot. Pol. 1252b 17ff. This “headship,” which is the hereditary personal authority of the father of a family or chief of a clan, we should term “patriarchy.”

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