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What is that?Athenian
That God controls all that is, and that Chance and Occasion co-operate with God in the control of all human affairs. It is, however, less harsh to admit that these two must be accompanied by a third factor, which is Art. For that the pilots' art [709c] should cooperate with Occasion—verily I, for one, should esteem that a great advantage. Is it not so?Clinias
Then we must grant that this is equally true in the other cases also, by parity of reasoning, including the case of legislation. When all the other conditions are present which a country needs to possess in the way of fortune if it is ever to be happily settled, then every such State needs to meet with a lawgiver who holds fast to truth. [709d] Clinias
Would not, then, the man who possessed art in regard to each of the crafts mentioned be able to pray aright for that condition which, if it were given by Chance, would need only the supplement of his own art?Clinias
And if all the other craftsmen mentioned just now were bidden to state the object of their prayers, they could do so, could they not?Clinias
And the lawgiver, I suppose, could do likewise?Clinias
I suppose so.Athenian
“Come now, O lawgiver,” let us say to him, “what are we to give you, and what condition of State, to enable you, when you receive it, thence-forward to manage the State by yourself satisfactorily?” [709e] Clinias
What is the next thing that can rightly be said?Athenian
You mean, do you not, on the side of the lawgiver?Clinias
This is what he will say: “Give me the State under a monarchy;1 and let the monarch be young, and possessed by nature of a good memory, quick intelligence, courage and nobility of manner; and let that quality, which we formerly mentioned2 as the necessary accompaniment of all the parts of virtue, attend now also
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