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[194c]

Socrates
After you have heard the rest, you will be still more inclined to say so. For to hold a true opinion is a good thing, but to be deceived is a disgrace.

Theaetetus
Certainly.

Socrates
They say the cause of these variations is as follows: When the wax in the soul of a man is deep and abundant and smooth and properly kneaded, the images that come through the perceptions are imprinted upon this heart of the soul—as Homer calls it in allusion to its similarity to wax1—; when this is the case, and in such men, the imprints,


1 The similarity is in the Greek words κέαρ or κῆρ, “heart”, and κηρός, wax. The shaggy heart is mentioned in the Hom. Il. 2.851; Hom. Il. 16.554 The citation of Homer, here and below, is probably sarcastic—in reference to the practice of some of the sophists who used and perverted his words in support of their doctrines.

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  • Commentary references to this page (2):
    • James Adam, The Republic of Plato, 1.pos=26
    • James Adam, The Republic of Plato, 2.378D
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